Factors Influencing Income Smoothing Practice Among Manufacturing Firms in Kenya


  • Maria Mbula Mutinda Department of Accounting and Finance, TUM Author




Income Smoothing, Economic conditions, management incentives, Management incentives


This research aims to assess the factors influencing income smoothing practices among manufacturing firms in Kenya. Income smoothing, a financial management strategy used by organizations, intentionally manipulates reported earnings to achieve stable and predictable financial performance. This practice, driven by management incentives and regulatory frameworks, impacts decision-making processes and stakeholder perceptions. This study examines income smoothing practices among manufacturing firms in Kenya and recognizes the unique challenges they face, including fluctuating raw material costs and evolving regulatory environments. Based on theoretical frameworks such as agency theory and signaling theory as well as empirical findings, the factors that influence income smoothing behavior are examined. The most important influencing factors include regulatory frameworks, management incentives, industry competition and economic conditions. The study shows that during economic volatility, companies tend to adopt income smoothing measures to increase stakeholder confidence, while regulatory changes such as the introduction of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) increase transparency and reduce income smoothing. In addition to the compensation structures for executives, competitive pressure and access to capital markets also shape income smoothing practices. Understanding these influencing factors provides insights into the dynamics of income smoothing and its impact on financial transparency and decision-making in the manufacturing sector in Kenya.


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How to Cite

Mutinda, M. M. (2024). Factors Influencing Income Smoothing Practice Among Manufacturing Firms in Kenya. African Journal of Commercial Studies, 4(3), 186-193. https://doi.org/10.59413/ajocs/v4.i3.2